Pan-Africanism is a political and theoretical movement, advocating the unity of African and Afro-descendant peoples and the liberation of the African continent from all forms of imperialist pretensions. Affective, economic, political and intellectual ties aim to strengthen circulation between Africans still living on the continent and those in the diaspora.

Pan-Africanism can also be understood as a response to the conflicts generated by the rise of nationalisms following the independence movements in the continent. It may or may not be articulated with the demands of black nationalism. However, unlike black nationalism, it is not built around the phenotype, since the whole of the African continent, and therefore the countries of the Maghreb, are concerned by the pan-African project.